Land utilization and reclamation in the mining industry, 1930-71
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U.S. Bureau of Mines; [for sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. Govt. Print. Off. , [Washington]
Mines and mineral resources -- United States., Reclamation of land -- United St
|Statement||by James Paone, John L. Morning, and Leo Giorgetti.|
|Series||Bureau of Mines information circular 8642, Information circular (United States. Bureau of Mines) ;, 8642.|
|Contributions||Morning, John L., joint author., Giorgetti, Leo, joint author.|
|LC Classifications||TN295 .U4 no. 8642, TN23 .U4 no. 8642|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||iii, 61 p.|
|LC Control Number||74601898|
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Additional Physical Format: Online version: Paone, James. Land utilization and reclamation in the mining industry, [Washington]: U.S. Bureau of Mines; [for. Title: Land utilization and reclamation in the mining industry, Land utilized by the mining industry from through amounted to million acres, or % of the land mass in the United States.
Land reclaimed during the same period was million acres, or 40% of the land utilized. Additional Physical Format: Online version: Johnson, Wilton. Land utilization and reclamation 1930-71 book the mining industry, [Avondale, MD]: U.S.
Dept. of the. An illustration of an open book. Books. An illustration of two cells of a film strip. Video An illustration of an audio speaker. Land utilization and reclamation in the mining industry, Land utilization and reclamation in the mining industry, by Johnson, Wilton; Paone, James.
Publication date Pages: Land utilization and reclamation in the mining industry,By James. Paone, joint author. Leo Giorgetti and joint author. John L. Morning Internet Topics: Reclamation of land, Mines and mineral resources.
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Publisher. Land utilized by the mining industry from through amounted to million acres, or percent of the land mass in the United States. Land reclaimed during the same period was million acres, or 40 percent of the land utilized.
Land disturbed by surface mining. Reclamation of land disturbed by mining for coal is now firmly established in most developed countries, on the scientific analysis of substrates, experimental determinations of amendment requirements and detailed planting and sowing regimes.
As a result, land is restored to a wide range of after-uses. -R & Future Land Use Reclamation-Reclamation means return the mined out land with useful life. It implies restoring the land to a form and productivity that is useful and inconformity with a prior land use.
Reclamation always may not be a single-phase operation. Rehabilitation- Rehabilitation is to bring back the degraded land. Land reclamation is the gain of land from the sea, or wetlands, or other water bodies, and restoration of productivity or use to lands that have been degraded by human activities or impaired by natural phenomena.
(Glossary of Environment Statistics, ) Land Reclamation 5. Introduction. The negative impact of mining activities on the environment is well documented, more especially small scale mining which has also become popular with the advent of modern technological advances in the extractive industry .Small scale mining involves surface mining  and includes both artisanal mining which involve the use of rudimentary implements as well.
The mineral extraction and reclamation process must ensure return of sustainable ecosystem to former degraded land. The revegetation of mine spoil by tree cover stabilizes an ecosystem for the long term via their ameliorative effects on soil quality improving both potential commercial and aesthetic values.
Reclamation processes. As part of the life cycle of a surface coal mine, completed mine areas must undergo mining ends, operators must restore the land to its approximate original contour (AOC) or leave the land graded and suitable for a “higher and better” post-mining land use (PMLU) that has been approved as part of the original mining permit.
Tailings impoundments of Polish copper mining industry-environmental effects, risk assessment and reclamation 7. Assessment and reclamation of soils from uranium mining areas: Case studies from Portugal 8. Reclamation by containment: Polyethylene-based solidification 9.
Geochemical barriers for soils protection in mining areas End Land Use To achieve successful reclamation of a site, it is necessary to identify the current (pre-development) land use, as well as desired end land use (post-development). Determining the end land use up-front will guide reclamation planning and efforts and will assist in appropriately monitoring and evaluating reclamation success.
Since the late s, with the passage of a national surface mining law, most surface-mined land in Appalachia was reclaimed to pasture and hay land or wildlife habitat postmining land uses (Plass.
Description Land utilization and reclamation in the mining industry, 1930-71 FB2
To protect the public, miners and the environment during current mining operations, restore abandoned mines, and to ensure that all mined land is reclaimed to beneficial use. Colorado Division of Reclamation, Mining and Safety. For example, since the passage of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act (SMCRA) in the U.S., direct fees have been collected by government agencies from existing coal mining companies.
Various states and Native American tribes have used over US$ billion of those funds to reclaim almost “, acres of hazardous high.
Institute of Land Reclamation and Ecological Restoration, China University of Mining and Technology (Beijing), BeijingChina Abstract: Mining activities produced a lot of abandoned mine land. South Carolina has about active mine operating permits.
Inthe S.C. Mining Act was passed to ensure all mined lands would be returned to some useful purpose and for the protection of people and the environment.
The Act and regulations outline the application process, how to conduct mine operations, and minimum reclamation standards. The Act defines mining as. In order to obtain satisfactory results in reclamation, special attention must be paid to the post-mining use of the land and its potential functions (i.e., pasture, hayland, recreational areas, wildlife habitat, wetlands, fishing ponds etc.), together with the implementation of environmental conservation and land reclamation programs to.
This Bureau of Mines study indicates that land utilized by the mining industry for mineral extraction and processing from through amounted to million acres, or percent of the land mass in the United States.
Land reclaimed by the industry during the same period was million acres, or 47 percent of the land utilized. To solve environmental issues related to coal mining the developed and developing countries should work together to draw up and im- plement mine environmental quality control standards, to develop and extend clean mining technologies, such as mine gas utilization, treatment, reclamation and the utilization of mining wastes and mined land.
As such, the post-mining land use will dictate the level of detail required in the reclamation plan. Whether the final land use is as simple as restoring the land to an agricultural field or as complex as creating multiple wildlife habitats, the purpose of the reclamation plan is to serve as a guide to the operator for achieving the post-mining.
Recently, the idea of green mining and mining industry were proposed in succession and got widely recognized. One of the core concepts of the “friendly mining industries” was to achieve the “green mining” .The connotation of the green mining was to strive to follow the principle of the green industry in economy, forming a “low mining-high use-low emissions” production.
Aggregate Mined Land Reclamation; Chapter 6, Aggregate Mined Land Statutes: Approved Reclamation Plans: Release Financial Assurance Mechanism: Reclamation Bonding Companies: Reclamation Check List: Annual Report-Memo to Aggregate Mining Industry: Transferring an Approved Reclamation Plan: Aggregate Mined Land Reclamation Flowchart:.
Mining operations in the eastern United States have heavily degraded extensive areas of land, especially in West Virginia. Throughout the state and in the southern coalfield current post-mining land use (PMLU) often leads to underutilization of natural resources and deterioration of essential ecosystem services (e.g.
providing food/fiber, flood. Mining is the extraction of valuable minerals or other geological materials from the Earth, usually from an ore body, lode, vein, seam, reef or placer deposits form a mineralized package that is of economic interest to the miner.
Ores recovered by mining include metals, coal, oil shale, gemstones, limestone, chalk, dimension stone, rock salt, potash, gravel, and clay. What regulates mining law. The mineral resources sector is primarily regulated by statute and in terms of the Mineral and Petroleum Resources Development Act, 28 of (MPRDA).Black economic empowerment (BEE) in the mining industry is regulated under the Broad-Based Socio-Economic Empowerment Charter for the Mining and Minerals Industry, (Mining.
The Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of (SMCRA) provides that, as a prerequisite for obtaining a coal mining permit, an applicant must post a reclamation bond to ensure that the regulatory authority has sufficient funds to reclaim the site in the case the permittee fails to complete the approved reclamation plan.
Under SMCRA (c) there are several avenues for coal mining. Any use of trade, product, or ﬁrm names in this publication is for descriptive purposes only and does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Government Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Arbogast, B.
(Belinda F.) The human factor in mining reclamation / by Belinda F. Arbogast, Daniel H. Knepper, Jr., and William H. Langer. mining waste in reclamation of mined degraded land for its sustainable and beneficial use. Discussion on post mining land use forms and control of soil pollution through acid-mine-drainage is beyond the scope of this paper.
Readers are encouraged to refer studies presented elsewhere on these subjects, e.g. Sharma et al., () for post mining.reclamation: Actions taken to restore mined land or to abate, control or prevent the adverse effects of mining as required by Montana and federal law to a post-mining land use approved by the DEQ.
reclamation specialists: Staff members of the DEQ Remediation Division who obtain funding, design, and manage reclamation projects. Pre- Versus Postmining Landscapes. The oil sands mining area was originally wetland-rich, covered in forested and shrubby fens.
InCanadian Natural Resources Ltd.
Details Land utilization and reclamation in the mining industry, 1930-71 FB2
mapped vegetation cover types within a 2,ha area that encompasses the surface-mineable area (Fig. 1) (details in ref. 6).They found that 64% of the land supported wetland vegetation, whereas only 23% of the land.
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